Grip Training For the Advanced using Heavy Grip Hand Grippers

How to Train with your Heavy Grips™ Hand Grippers
Intermediate and Advanced Heavy Grips™ Program

Clay Edgin #1 Certified Gripper King and Grip Monster
By Clay Edgin—#1 Certified Gripper King and Grip Monster

Are you ready to take your grip strength to the next level? Has that knurling on the hand gripper handles ground its way into your palm more times than you can count? Are you ready to learn how to develop the crushing horsepower necessary to make what you can't close now something you can close for reps in a short period of time? Then read on...

So you've been working with your Heavy Grips™ grippers a few times a week for a few weeks now and are getting the hang of it. If you're new to the grip game, you've probably noticed how sore your hands can get and how even doing something like using a stapler after your grip workout can make your tendons ache. Good! Now it's time to increase the frequency, volume, and workload of your grip strength training to make more gains. You can't keep doing the same old thing in your grip training or else your gains will go stale. By this time, you may already be 'repping' your goal gripper like a toy and ready to move up to the next stage, the Heavy Grip 200 or Heavy Grip 250, so the workouts listed below will be modified to reflect that. In this hand gripper article, we'll explore more of the tools and means with which you can keep gaining hand strength with your hand grippers, as well as some time-tested 'assistance exercises' to bust through plateaus.

Negatives are as much a mental exercise as they are a physical one. To perform a negative, take a hand gripper that is one level above the one you haven't closed yet (e.g., an Heavy Grip 200 if you are trying to close an Heavy Grip 150), and use both hands and/or your legs to get the handgripper closed, or as far closed as possible. ** Then try to keep it shut with just one hand! The hand gripper will of course open up on you but try real hard to hold it for 5-7 seconds. These are brutal and should only be done sparingly until you get your hands used to the workload. I'd only recommend using a hand gripper that is only one step above what you're trying to close or else the stress might be too much. (**Beware that spring failure is always a possibility and can occur at any time. Keep the hand gripper spring away from your body when performing these exercises)

The funny thing about any hobby is the lingo some of this stuff has. "Chokers" is not an exercise where you crush someone's throat, and "Braces" in this case are not what you put on your teeth.

There are several ways to do a 'braced close' and I'll go over one of the techniques here. Set the hand gripper in your hand as described above, but this time instead of letting your other hand go, keep that other thumb pressing the gripper handle into your palm very firmly and squeeze the hand gripper shut as in Figure 8 below. The reason why 'bracing' the hand gripper makes it easier to close is because as you squeeze the handles together 'un-braced', they try to rotate in your hand. 'Bracing' the hand gripper keeps those gripper handles from rotating in your hand and you can exert more force that way.

hand grip squeeze
Figure 8

A 'choker' is a simple device that fits over the top of a hand gripper spring that "chokes" the gripper down so the gripper handles are closer together. I wish I could say that I was clever enough to think this up, but I'm not! The cheapest and most effective choker I've found are actually oversized washers that I bought from a hardware store. They were about $.90 a piece. The hole on the inside of the washer is 1.5", so it is big enough to accommodate all your Heavy GripsTM grippers except the HG400 and HG500. If your hand gripper spring does not fit in the hole of the washer, then you can do like I did and clamp the washer in a vice, take a round file, and file a notch in the washer about 1/8" – 1/4" deep. It took me less than a minute to do this by hand. Once the hand gripper is choked, you can get your hand around it and get a better set. You should be able to get noticeably closer to closing your goal gripper with a choker on it. The choker is a useful training tool but should not entirely replace your regular 'un-choked' gripper squeezes.

hand gripper
Figure 9

hand grip with a choker
Figure 10

Frequency and Volume
Now that you've built a base of hand strength by working with the hand grippers for a few weeks, it's time to build upon that base even more. To do this, we're going to increase the frequency (number of workouts per week) and volume (number of squeezes per workout). After your third week on the program, you should add another workout day per week, bringing the total to 4 times per week. Not only are you going to increase the number of times you work out, you're also going to increase the amount of gripper squeezes. The increase isn't huge, but with that extra day of work in there you will definitely kick start some gains. Before you advance to the next stage of this program, you will want to take a few days off just to rest your hands and prepare them for the work to come.

Your fourth week may look like this:

6-8 repetitions on a very easy hand gripper each hand.
6-8 repetitions on very easy hand gripper each hand, but this time do it inverted
Heavy Grip 100 Closes – 3 each hand, and 3 attempts inverted
Heavy Grip 150 Closes – 1-2 each hand and 1-2 inverted

Heavy Grip 200 (goal gripper) Attempts – 7-10 each hand, and 7-10 inverted too
Negatives with Heavy Grip 250 – 5-6 negatives each hand, holding for 5-7 seconds each time
Braced or Choked Attempts on Heavy Grip 200 – 5-7 each hand depending on how tired your hands are

As described in the Beginner article.
If adjusting to this hand gripper workout workload is difficult for you, drop the choker and/or braced closes from the routine altogether until you get used to it. You'll notice that the warm-up hasn't changed, but the attempts at your goal gripper have gone up. Perform this routine 4 times a week for 2 weeks and then give yourself a good 5-7 days away from the grippers to let your hands rest. Raw, puffy hands need to heal.

Where Cowards Fear To Tread
Now that you have trained hard for 6 weeks and taken almost a week of rest, it's time to turn up the volume and frequency even higher! Instead of crushing 4 times a week, we're going to increase that number to 5 times and we're going to increase the number of squeezes again!

6-8 repetitions on a very easy hand gripper - each hand.
6-8 repetitions on very easy hand gripper-each hand, but this time do it inverted
Heavy Grip 100 Closes – 3 each hand and 3 attempts inverted
Heavy Grip 150 Closes – 3-4 each hand and 3-4 inverted

Heavy Grip 200 Attempts – 10-15 each hand, and 10-15 inverted too
Negatives with Heavy Grip 250 – 10 negatives each hand, holding for as long as possible
Braced/Choker Attempts – 10-15 with Heavy Grip 250

As described in the Beginner article..

Five times a week AND 10-15 squeezes per workout? Is that possible? It's very possible and you may be surprised how well the hands can recover after a hard workout like that. Anyone who can remember their first manual labor job can remember how tired their hands and back were after the first day on the job. Stiffness so bad it was almost paralyzing! But then they went back to work the next day and it got better. In a month's time, that person's body has adapted to the workload.

Note that I've modified the last part of the hand gripper workout to where you now have the option to either do negatives with one hand gripper higher than the one you are trying to close now OR doing 'braced closes' and closes with a 'choker' on. Doing both would be far too much work and only serve to burn you out.

I'd only recommend using this high-volume hand gripper workout for one week and then take a week off and test yourself on your goal gripper. If you aren't closing your goal gripper yet, step back down to doing what you were doing in Week 4. Do that for 2 weeks like before, take a week off, then come back and hit that higher volume stuff again for a week.

Assistance Work for Busting Through the Hand Strength Plateaus

If you've been through the cycle a couple of times and just haven't broken through that plateau, it may be time to put down the hand grippers and do some assistance work.

Let's start with the foundation that the hand gripper handle will sit on – the thumb pad. A larger thumb pad will provide a more stable area for the gripper handle to rest on during the squeeze. Your genetics play a large role in whether or not you will develop a "turkey leg" for a thumb, but regardless of genetics you can build up your thumb pad to some degree. And these exercises will help in other aspects of grip strength too. The exercises I recommend for building the thumb pad all involve narrow pinching.

Hub lifting is a great way to build the thumb pad. The tricky part is finding plates with a good hub for pinching. The deeper the hub, the better. Chalk up your fingers, grab the center hub, and lift! When a 45lb plate becomes too easy for you, you can stack some smaller plates on top to increase the difficulty. Besides deadlifting it, you can also clean & press the plate as well as snatch it if your hands are strong enough.

hand grip stregthening with a plate lift

Block weights are another good tool for building hand strength that carries over very well to hand grippers. A block weight is the cut off head of a dumbbell. If your friend or training partner is interested in grip strength, you can split the cost of the dumbbell and share the block weights from each one which makes it a bit more affordable. The only downside is that the paint on most of these blocks are slick so you either have to scuff them up to get any kind of grip on them or put a couple strips of athletic tape over the blocks for a better grip. If you're on a limited budget and can only afford a few smaller blocks, practice 'timed holds' with the block using only your pinky, ring-finger and thumb. You can also toss and catch, clean and press, snatch, and perform a myriad of other exercises with them. Below is a picture of a 50lb York Blob.

hand grip exercises

Plate pinching with the pinky and ring finger is fantastic for not only making the pinky and ring stronger, but blowing up the thumb pad like a balloon. Start with a pair of 25 or 35lb plates and turn them so the smooth sides are facing out. Pinch the plates with these 3 fingers on each hand and lift. Once you can lift 2-45lb plates in this manner, run a pipe or bar through them to add additional weight and make it even more challenging. In the picture below, I am lifting the 45lb plates with my pinky, ring, and thumb and have my index and middle fingers crossed over each other and off the plates to keep them out of the way.

hand grip with a weigh plate

Another way to build your crushing grip strength is to strengthen the extensors in your hand. The extensors are the tendons that open your hand and go from the back of your hand all the way up to your elbow. Although you may not think that the tendons that open your hand have anything to do with crushing a hand gripper, they do! There are a couple ways to exercise your extensors.

The first way is simple. Use large rubber bands on your fingers and open your hand as shown below.

hand strengthening bands

And I saved the best for last – dexterity ball rotations. These are also called Chinese therapy or Ben Wa balls. There are many companies out there that sell them and you should find the heaviest ones possible to really make your extensors and forearms burn. I like to use two 2" steel bearings that I wrapped in athletic tape. The tape not only keeps my hands free of the rust from the bearings, but also makes it a little more difficult to rotate them in my hand without them teaching each other.

hand strengthening balls

After spending a couple weeks with these exercises, you should notice an increase in gripper strength once you start training with them again. Give these a try!

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